On 28 August 2016, the Ministry of Health (MOH) and National Environment Agency (NEA) confirmed several cases of locally transmitted Zika virus infection, most of whom have recovered.

  • The Singapore Government has a robust and well-tested system in place to deal with potential outbreaks of diseases.
  • Zika is a mild disease, less serious than dengue. The majority of people infected will not show symptoms.
  • Like dengue, mosquito control is key to minimising the spread of Zika. All of us need to play our part to minimise the spread of Zika.
  • Singapore remains a safe destination for travellers. Currently, there is no travel restriction by World Health Organization (WHO) to Zika-affected countries.


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What is the Zika virus?

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Zika virus infection is transmitted by the bite of an infected Aedes mosquito. The Aedes mosquito is also a known carrier of the dengue and Chikungunya viruses.

Zika is generally a mild disease, less serious than dengue. It may cause a mild fever, rash, conjunctivitis (red eyes), muscle or joint pain, and headache. The majority of people infected with Zika will not show symptoms.

However, Zika virus infection may sometimes cause microcephaly in a small number of unborn foetuses of pregnant women. Microcephaly is a congenital condition that manifests itself as birth defects in which a baby is born with significantly smaller heads than usual.

At the moment, there is no vaccine to prevent Zika infection. Treatment is solely focused on relieving the symptoms, and patients recover within 4 to 7 days. Those infected are advised to get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat pain with common painkillers.

MOH FAQs on Zika Virus

What you need to know about the Zika Virus


For other languages: Mandarin | Malay | Tamil

For pregnant women:

  • Testing is not routinely recommended for pregnant women who do not have symptoms of Zika and whose male partners are not Zika-positive.
  • If you are pregnant and have symptoms of Zika (fever, rash, red eyes, joint pain, etc.), or have male partners who are Zika positive, you should be tested for the Zika virus
  • Testing for pregnant women as referred by their doctors and who meet the above criteria is free at public healthcare institutions.
  • When a pregnant patient is confirmed to have Zika infection, she will be referred to a maternal-foetal medicine specialist for counselling and advice.
  • A positive Zika test does not mean that the foetus is infected or harmed.
  • If your male partner has or is at risk of Zika infection (e.g. living/ working/ studying in an affected area), he should practise safe sex (e.g. consistent and correct use of condoms during sex) or consider abstinence for the duration of the pregnancy.
  • For more information, you can refer to MOH’s guidelines for pregnant women.

For the general population:

  • Singaporeans with Zika symptoms will get subsidised testing at public healthcare institutions.
  • If you develop symptoms of Zika (fever, rash, red eyes, joint pain, etc.), please seek medical attention and inform your doctor of the location of your residence and workplace.
  • Do the 5-step Mozzie Wipeout to prevent mosquitoes from breeding at home.

[Also available in other languages]

What is the Singapore Government doing?

Screening and remaining alert

All GPs, polyclinics and hospitals have been alerted and are to immediately report patients with symptoms associated with Zika virus infection to MOH. MOH and NEA will also alert residents in the vicinity to seek medical attention should they develop symptoms.

Prevention

NEA has intensified vector control operations to control the Aedes mosquito population. Vector control operations include:

  • Inspecting all premises, ground and congregation areas
  • Conducting mandatory treatment such as ultra-low volume misting of premises and thermal fogging of outdoor areas to kill adult mosquitoes
  • Increasing frequency of drain flushing and oiling to prevent breeding
  • Public education outreach and distribution of insect repellents

NEA will also be activating partner agencies of the Inter-Agency Dengue Task Force to step up localised search and destroy efforts in their respective areas.

How can I protect my family?

Do the 5-step Mozzie Wipeout to prevent the Aedes mosquito from breeding at home. Cooperate with the NEA, and allow its officers to inspect your premises for mosquito breeding and spraying insecticide to kill mosquitoes. Protect yourself from mosquito bites by applying insect repellent regularly.

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Resources

Charges for Zika Test
Charges for Zika Test
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What you should know
What you should know about the Zika virus
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What you should know
What you should know about the Zika virus (Mandarin)
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What you should know
What you should know about the Zika virus (Malay)
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What you should know
What you should know about the Zika virus (Tamil)
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Pregnant? Here's what you should know
Pregnant? Here's what you should know
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Pregnant? Here's what you should know
Pregnant? Here's what you should know (Mandarin)
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Pregnant? Here's what you should know
Pregnant? Here's what you should know (Malay)
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Pregnant? Here's what you should know
Pregnant? Here's what you should know (Tamil)
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Zika Virus
What you can do to protect your loved ones
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Fight Zika and dengue
Fight Zika and dengue (English and Malay)
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Fight Zika and dengue
Fight Zika and dengue (Mandarin and Tamil)
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Fight Zika and dengue
Where are the Zika clusters in Singapore?
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Articles

Zika Virus
5 Things To Know About Zika Virus
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How did one case of Zika infection increase to 41 within a day?
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Latest Updates

Tuesday, 18 Oct 2016
Largest Zika Cluster Closes And Placed Under Surveillance

The first local Zika cluster located at Aljunied Crescent / Sims Drive area was closed on 9 October 2016 after no new cases were reported there for two weeks. The National Environment Agency (NEA) will continue to keep the area under close surveillance.

Wednesday, 28 Sep 2016
First Zika Cluster At Bishan Street 12 Closes As Number Of New Cases Decline

Tuesday, 13 Sep 2016
Working Together to Address the Zika Outbreak - Ministerial Statement

Ministerial Statement by Minister for the Environment and Water Resources, Mr Masagos Zulkifli, on Vector Control: Working Together to Address the Zika Situation in Singapore for the Sitting of Parliament on 13 September 2016

Sunday, 11 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA Media Statement On Zika (11 September 2016)

Saturday, 10 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA Media Statement On Zika (10 September 2016)

Thursday, 9 Sep 2016
Insect Repellents Available For Pregnant Women At All Community Clubs Islandwide

Joint MOH-NEA Media Statement On Zika (7 September 2016)

Wednesday, 7 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA Media Statement On Zika (7 September 2016)

Tuesday, 6 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA statment (6 September 2016)

Monday, 5 Sep 2016
Cessation of isolation, MOH to subsidise Zika testing for all Singaporeans with symptoms

Joint MOH-NEA statement (5 Sep)

Sunday, 4 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA statement (4 Sep 2016)

Saturday, 3 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA statement (3 Sep)

Friday, 2 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA statement (2 Sep)

Thursday, 1 Sep 2016
Joint MOH-NEA statement (1 Sep)

Wednesday, 31 Aug 2016
Potential Zika Cluster at Bedok North Ave 3 and First Case of Pregnant Woman Tested Positive

MOH and clinical advisory group on zika and pregnancy provide guidelines for pregnant women

Tuesday, 30 Aug 2016
Joint MOH-NEA statement

MOH: Joint MOH-NEA Media Statement on Zika

Sunday, 28 Aug 2016
MOH: Localised Community Spread Of Zika Virus Infection With More Cases Confirmed

Saturday, 27 Aug 2016
MOH: First Case Of Zika Virus Infection In Singapore

Saturday, 27 Aug 2016
NEA: Precautionary Measures Against Zika Virus Infection