Our 4 National Taps

Today, we enjoy quality drinking water at a turn of the tap, but this didn’t happen by chance.

We now have four water sources known as our 4 National Taps, but the process of producing clean, drinking water is costly and complex.




Learn more about the 3 'C's (Challenges, Capacities and Cost) of our 4 Taps here:

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English | Chinese | Malay | Tamil


Saving Water

Did you know that, on average, a Singaporean uses 148 litres of water every day?
That’s 99 1.5 litre bottles of water a day

Singapore uses about 430 million gallons of water per day, and this could double by 2060 – that’s 782 Olympic-sized swimming pools!

Water is a precious and scarce resource for Singapore, and our water supply remains vulnerable to factors such as climate change.

We can all play a part in reducing water wastage, by making small changes to our daily habits.

Why is water precious? Let Kong Kong and his family show you

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English | Chinese | Malay | Tamil


Singapore's Water Story

For Singapore, water is vital to our survival. It cuts to the core of our existence and independence.

From droughts and dirty rivers, to clean running water - learn more about our quest for water security:

View full graphic novel in other languages:
English | Chinese | Malay | Tamil


Read about three Lee Kuan Yew quotes that helped to shape Singapore's water story here.

Other Resources

PUB, Singapore’s National Water Agency
Singapore’s water story
Our precious water (Chinese)


PM Lee Hsien Loong at the Opening of the ABC Waters @ Pang Sua Pond and the 3G Wellness Centre
DPM Teo Chee Hean at the World Water Day Celebrations 2017
Speech by Mr Masagos Zulkifli, Minister for the Environment and Water Resources during Budget Debates, 1 Mar 2017
MFA's response on the 1962 Water Agreement